• Sole:
    Also referred to as outsole. All shoes have a sole, which is the bottom of a shoe, in contact with the ground. Soles can be made from a variety of materials such as leather, natural rubber, compressed rubber, PU or PVC.

    Here at TLC we mostly use leather soles, known as Italian vegetable tanned leather Sole. We also use natural rubber and compressed rubber sole referring them to as flex sole or rubber sole

  • Insole:
    The insole is the interior bottom of a shoe, which sits directly beneath the foot under the footbed (also known as sock liner). The insole is also referred to as foot-bed. Extra cushioning is often added for comfort (to control the shape, moisture, or smell of the shoe) or health reasons (to help deal with differences in the natural shape of the foot or positioning of the foot during standing or walking).
    At TLC we use memory form to give extra softness to foot-bed.

  • Midsole:
    The midsole is the layer in between the outsole and insole, typically there for shock absorption. Some types of shoes, like running shoes, have additional material for shock absorption, usually beneath the heel of the foot, where one puts the most pressure down. Some shoes may not have a midsole at all.

    At TLC we do not use midsoles at all because it makes the shoe bulky andless flexible. We mostly use Blake stitch style of shoe construction (detailslater in the guideline), which excludes the use of midsole, making the shoesuper flexible.

  • Lining:
    The lining is the material inside the shoe i.e. under the upper, that comes in contact with the entire foot, the sides, top and heels. Linings made out of certain materials, cushion and comfort the foot or draw out moisture. They can be made out of a variety of materials.
    At TLC we only use anti-bacterial leather lining.

  • Welt:
    The upper is connected to the sole by a strip of leather, rubber, or plastic that is stitched between it and the sole, known as a welt (see illustration). The presence of welt gives the shoe a slightly wider appearance as compared to the sleek look when the welt is not used at all.
    At TLC make welted and shoes without a welt, both.

  • Tongue:
    Uppers with laces usually have a tongue that helps seal the laced opening and protect the foot from abrasion by the laces.

  • Eyelets:
    Uppers with laces also have eyelets or hooks to make it easier to tighten and loosen the laces and to prevent the lace from tearing through the upper material.

  • Aglet:
    An aglet is the protective wrapping on the end of the lace.

  • Quarter:
    The quarter is part of a shoe's upper. It covers the sides and back of the foot behind the vamp. The heel part of a quarter is often reinforced with sturdy material to better support the rear of the foot. The heel counter is sometimes a separate piece from the quarters.

  • Toe Box:
    The toe box/toecap/captoe is the part that covers and protects the toes. People with toe deformities or individuals who experience toe swelling (such as long-distance runners) usually require a larger toe box.

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